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This aureus is a repica of originals that were minted during the reign of emperor Nero.
Nero was emperor of the Roman Empire between 54 and 68 AD. On his mother's side, he was related to Gnaeus Julius Caesar Octavianus (Augustus). He became emperor without getting an imperial education. Nero is well-known for his flamboyant way of living and his merciless reign during which he strongly duped the Roman people. As a result, later emperors tried their very best to erase the traces of Nero's reign.
The Roman aureus was first minted during Sulla's reign in 85 BC. During the reign of Julius Caesar, the aureus was fixed at a value of 1/40 of a Roman pound: 8 grams of gold. Some later emperors brought the weight down somewhat. This resulted in extra gold for the treasury, but caused inflation. The aureus consisted for approx. 99% of gold. The worth of the Aureus was approx. 25 denarii, 100 sestertii or 400 asses. During the 3rd century AD the denarius had so significantly been devaluated that one aureus was worth 800 denarii.
This aureus is made of gilded pewter.
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