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This aureus is a repica of originals that were minted during the reign of emperor Caligula.
Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus was emperor of Rome between 37 and 41 AD. His reign was marked by intrigues and greed. Despite all this, during his reign there have been great accomplishments in the Roman Empire. During his reign Caligula visited large parts of the Roman Empire, for example Katwijk aan Zee. Caligula started to position himself increasingly as an autocratic ruler halfway his reign. He executed many aristocrats until he was murdered in 41 AD by the Praetorian guard.
The Roman aureus was first minted during Sulla's reign in 85 BC. During the reign of Julius Caesar, the aureus was fixed at a value of 1/40 of a Roman pound: 8 grams of gold. Some later emperors brought the weight down somewhat. This resulted in extra gold for the treasury, but caused inflation. The aureus consisted for approx. 99% of gold. The worth of the Aureus was approx. 25 denarii, 100 sestertii or 400 asses. During the 3rd century AD the denarius had so significantly been devaluated that one aureus was worth 800 denarii.
This aureus is made of gilded pewter.
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