What does the steel type mean for the sword?

The hardness of steel (tempering) is always expressed in HRC. The harder the steel is, the tougher it gets. With Battle-Ready swords, we recommend choosing a hardness of at least 48 HRC and preferably between 50-52 HRC. But hardness alone isn't everything. Swords and armor are made of different types of steel, all of which have their own characteristic properties.

Steel consists of different components. If you bring steel to a certain temperature for a certain time, you change the microscopic composition. This affects the toughness, Battle-Readiness, sharpness retention and even rust formation. You can therefore see different types of steel as a kind of different recipe of powdered steels or alloying elements that are mixed in a certain composition in a certain way in a crucible. In addition, you also have the heat treatment that does a lot with the composition of the steel.


Examples of steel types commonly used in sword and armor making are:


EN45 spring steel, this steel type has great structural strength and resistance to deformation. It is used, among other things, in the springs of cars. The downside is that carbon steel rusts quite quickly. This type of steel is quite cheap and common for making medium quality swords.

9260 tempered spring steel This carbon steel has a very high yield point. This type of steel makes swords very flexible.

1045, 1065, 1095 carbon steel is an affordable high quality steel. The type of steel is easy to regrind and is strong and offers a lot of resistance to deformation. The downside is that carbon steel rusts quite quickly.

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