Anatomy Samurai sword

A Samurai sword consists of 4 basic parts. These parts are: The blade, the crossguard, the handle and the scabbard. 

The blade: Each blade has a different profile based on where and how it was made. The most important part of the leaf is the Shinogi, this is the middle edge. The tip of the leaf is called the Kissaki . The Kissaki is often sharp enough to pierce through armor. The Boshi-ken is the lower part of the point that contributes to the cutting of the sword. A Samurai really only has one sharp side. The Yaibi is the razor-sharp side and is therefore the most dangerous part of a katana. The other side is the back of a Samurai sword, it is not sharp and provides sturdiness. On the Yaibi you also see a wavy pattern, caused by the high temperatures under which the swords are made, this is the Hamon. The invisible part of the blade, which disappears into the handle, is the Tang.

The cross-guard: The cross-guard is necessary to connect the blade to the handle and must ensure stability despite frequent use. The Meguki are the pins that go through the holes of the handle and the pliers, to put them together firmly. The Habaki is the band around the underside of the blade, this helps to separate the sharp part and the non-sharp part, this also includes the Seppa, a flat disc under the Habaki. Then comes the Tsuba, which is most similar to the cross-guard. This is the ring above the handle and this ring is unique and decorated with each Samurai. This ring does not always have to be round and comes in many different shapes and sizes. 

The handle: It is important that a Samurai has a sturdy handle. The Tsuka is an important part, this is the wooden handle that Tang is slid The Tsuka Ito is what surrounds the wooden part, which is often cotton or silk. This piece of fabric provides a better grip on the handle. Another part of the handle that aids grip is the Menuki, a decorative symbol under the Tsuka Ito. If the handle has an uneven surface, it provides more grip on the sword. The Kashira is the end part of the Samurai, or the pommel. In addition to decorative use, this pommel can also be used to hit the opponent. 

The sheath: The sheath is used for carrying, transporting and safely storing the Samurai sword against, for example, rust. Even if the sword is used for decor, it is useful to keep the scabbard on it. The name for this sheath is the Saya and this is often made of wood or plastic. The Sageo is the rope that can be used to tie the samurai with the scabbard around your back or shoulder.

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